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关于智障

特奥会上来自世界各地的智障儿童及成人每天都在激励着我们。然而,什么是智障?


什么是智障?

智障(ID)是用于描述对于认知能力和其他技能(包括交流和自理)方面具有特定限制的人的词语。这些限制可导致儿童发展和学习迟缓或与众不同。智障是最常见的发育性残疾。更多详情

见以下示例:


脆性 X 综合征

脆性 X 综合征是影响人发育的(特别是行为和学习能力)的形成条件。此外,脆性X染色体可影响交流能力、外表以及对声音、光线或类似刺激的灵敏度。
了解详情 ››


唐氏综合症

唐氏综合症是由一个额外的 21 号染色体复制或复制的一部分引起的一系列认知和身体症状。唐氏综合症是最常见的轻度至中度智障,可发生于所有民族和经济群体中。
了解详情 ››


孤独症谱系障碍

孤独症谱系障碍(被称为 ASD,通常叫做自闭症)是复杂的神经系统和发育障碍,其会影响学习、交流和与他人互动的方式。自闭症的症状因人而异,这就是它被称为“谱系”障碍的原因。自闭症会影响大脑及神经系统的结构和功能。 了解详情 ››


其他智障

智障有很多类型 - 大部分已发现其原因,而其他类型的原因仍是未知的。一些类型在出生之前就发生了,例如胎儿酒精综合征或伯特综合症;其他类型是在出生时或出生之后发生的。儿童成长过程中会产生智障的其他原因;可包括严重头部损伤、中风或某些感染。

了解详情 ››


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The Start of the Solution

Young people from around the globe with and without intellectual disabilities are coming together at the SOGenUin Summit as part of the 2015 Special Olympics World Summer Games with one goal - to change the world.

 

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Posted on 2015-07-23 by Natalie

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